Children with dyslexia need to be taught how to read and spell explicitly with systematic phonics instruction. This is not my opinion, this is a fact. On today’s post, I am going to explain to you what systematic phonics instruction is and why kids with dyslexia benefit from this kind of instruction.
What is Systematic Phonics Instruction?
Phonics instruction is a method of teaching students how to connect the graphemes (letters) with phonemes (sounds) and how to use this letter/sound relationship to read and spell words.
Systematic instruction is a method of teaching students all of the major letters and sounds by using a logical scope and sequence. This includes short and long vowels, blends and consonant digraphs (oi, ea, sh, th, etc.) This plan is carefully thought out, strategic and designed before activities and lessons are developed.
Systematic phonics instruction is a method of teaching students how to connect the graphemes (letters) with phonemes (sounds) using a clear and well thought out scope and sequence to teach kids how to read and spell.
Lessons are built on previously taught information, from simple to complex, with clear, concise student objectives that are driven by ongoing assessment:
- Consonant and short vowel sounds
- Digraphs and blends
- Long vowels and other vowel patterns
- Syllable patterns
Do you want to see a sample of a Scope and Sequence for systematic phonics instruction?
Explicit Instruction in Systematic Phonics
Children with dyslexia need to be taught systematic phonics explicitly.
The term “Explicit Instruction” means that the teacher is the one who takes center stage. The teacher controls the student’s learning by teaching the student. All concepts are directly and explicitly taught to students with continuous student-teacher interaction, guidance and feedback.
In explicit instruction, the teacher will first present a lesson with a demonstration. The teacher will then do the lesson together with the student. Finally, the teacher will ask the student to do it without guidance.
I do, we do, you do.
Reading Instruction and Dyslexia
There are popular reading programs currently being used in many school districts such as Balanced Literacy and Guided Reading. Although many children are able to learn how to read using these popular programs, children with dyslexia do not. That means these popular reading programs will not work for 1 in every 5 children in the classroom.
Children with dyslexia struggle with the letter-sound system. They need to be taught explicitly in an organized, systematic, efficient way using a structured literacy program that includes systematic phonics instruction.
Systematic Phonics Instruction is essential for accurate and fluent decoding skills according to the National Reading Panel’s summary of findings report:
“Systematic phonics instruction produces significant benefits for students in kindergarten through 6th grade and for children having difficulty learning to read.”
Thank you for reading my post today!
And…while you are here, check out the PRIDE Reading Program. This is an Orton-Gillingham reading curriculum that is very easy to use, 100% scripted, affordable and parents, teachers and tutors are using it with great success.