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The letter g sound is made by touching the back part of your tongue to the back part of the roof of your mouth. With your tongue in this position, force a quick puff of air through your mouth using your vocal cords. It is important that you don’t say “guh” by adding the “-uh” part.

Although the letter g also represents the /j/ sound, we are just going to teach the /g/ sound for now. The /j/ sound (like in the word giraffe) will be taught in Purple Book 4. 

Student Objectives

  • Student will make the correlation between the visual Gg and the auditory sound /g/

  • Student will write Gg

  • Student will identify which of a set of three words rhyme

  • Student will remove a syllable from a multisyllabic word

Extra Learning Activities

Here are some optional extra learning activities you can do with your student to help reinforce the concept. They are not required as part of the lesson:

Glue and Glitter

Make a large G on a piece of paper and have the student make designs on the letter with glitter glue, gold stickers, or gold stars.


Gooey Treat

Spread peanut butter on a graham cracker and arrange marshmallows in the shape of the letter G on the top.


Grow a Garden!

Plant a garlic bulb in a pot and watch it grow!


‘G’ Song
(Sing to The Muffin Man)

Do you know the gumball man,
The gumball man,
The gumball man?
Do you know the gumball man
Who likes to sing with me?

Oh, he loves the letter G,
The letter G,
The letter G,
Oh, he loves the letter G
And likes to sing with me. ♫

Beginning Letters & Sounds
Practice Games

Here are some optional fun games to help reinforce the concept your student is learning. They are not required as part of the lesson:


 “g”

Introduction Lesson

Review Cards

Sound Cards 

Review and Drill – b, c, f

“When I hold up a letter, say the letter’s name, and give its sound.”

“Good job. Today we are going to learn to sound out, write, and recognize the letter g.”

Step 1

Picture Page 

Student Workbook Page 15 – g – goat

“The name of this letter is g. What is the name of this letter? The letter g is a consonant and it makes the sound /g/. What sound does it make? The picture page for the letter g is goat. Say goat. Good. When I point to the picture page, say the letter’s name, give its sound, and say the picture word. Watch me as I demonstrate.”  

Say g, /g/, goat then have student repeat three times.

Step 2

Phonological Awareness

“Close your eyes. I will say a word. You will repeat the word and listen for the /g/ sound at the beginning of the word. If you hear /g/ at the beginning of the word, raise your hand. Let’s practice. Say goose. Do you hear the /g/ sound at the beginning of the word goose? Yes, you hear the /g/ sound at the beginning of the word goose so you raise your hand. Good. Let’s practice some more words.” 

Repeat this activity with:

glass, gloves, flower, cat, gorilla, gift, gate, farm, band, goat

Step 3

Finger Tracing

Student Workbook Page 16 – Finger Tracing

Say, “Point to the Letter g. What sound does it make? Good. Let’s trace the letter g with our finger. Point to the number 1. Follow the stroke around with your finger. Now point to the number 2. Follow the stroke down and hook. (Around, down, hook.)

Have student repeat finger tracing three times and say – around, down, hook.  

“What is the name of this letter? What sound does it make?”

For extra letter practice, you can have your student practice finger tracing on sandpaper, a carpet square, a salt or sand tray, or in shaving cream.

Step 4

Guess My Word Game

Say, “I am thinking of something that starts with the letter g. It grows on a vine, you can eat them and they are sweet. What is it?” (grapes)

“Great! Now it’s your turn to think of something that starts with the letter g and I have to guess it.”

Say, “I am thinking of something that starts with the letter g, it is an animal and makes the sound maaaa.” (goat)

“Great! Now it’s your turn to think of something that starts with the letter g and I have to guess it.”

Say, “I am thinking of something that starts with the letter g. It is an instrument that I strum on.” (guitar) 

“Great! Now it’s your turn to think of something that starts with the letter g and I have to guess it.”

Step 5

Pictures with Beginning Sounds

Student Workbook Page 17 – Beginning Sounds

“Look at the first picture. It is a picture of grapes. Point to the grapes. Point to the word under the picture. The word says grapes. Circle the g in the beginning of the word grapes. What sound does the g make in the word grapes?”

“Look at the next picture. It is a picture of a goat. Point to the goat. Point to the word under the picture. The word says goat. Circle the g in the beginning of the word goat. What sound does the g make in the word goat?”

“Look at the next picture. It is a picture of girl. Point to the girl. Point to the word under the picture. The word says girl. Circle the g in the beginning of the word girl. What sound does the g make in the word girl?”


“g”

Practice Lesson

Review Cards

Sound Cards  

Review and Drill – b, c, f, g

“Say the letter’s name and give its sound.” 

“Good job! Today we are going to continue practicing the letter g.”

Step 1

Sky Writing 

“Now we are going to Sky Write this sound. Let me demonstrate first.”

“Stand up and extend your arm all the way out in front of you. Ready?”

  /g/  (Say the sound.)  g  (Say the letter as you Sky Write.)  /g/  (Underline the sound and say the sound.)  

Have student repeat three times. (Around, down, hook.)

Step 2

Phonological Awareness

“I am going to say three words. Two of these words rhyme, one does not rhyme. You will tell me which one does not rhyme with the others.”

“Here are the words: fan, pan, stick” (stick)

Repeat with:

tip/lip/smack, cat/go/no, bed/sun/head, sit/hit/seat, hop/rain/train, test/rest/bed, run/yes/fun, mice/nice/shoe, rose/ramp/camp, my/six/try

Step 3

Pen Tracing

Student Workbook Page 16 – Pen Tracing

“Pick up your pen. Now, let’s trace the letter g right here three times.”

(Around, down, hook.)

Step 4

Listen for Ending Sounds

Say bag. What sound do you hear at the end of the word?” 

“Say bug. What sound do you hear at the end of the word?” 

“Say rug. What sound do you hear at the end of the word?”

“Say leg. What sound do you hear at the end of the word?” 

“Say dog. What sound do you hear at the end of the word?” 

“Say pig. What sound do you hear at the end of the word?” 

Step 5

Pictures with Ending Sounds

Student Workbook Page 17 – Ending Sounds

“Look at the first picture. It is a picture of a frog. Point to the frog. Point to the word under the picture. The word says frog. Circle the g at the end of the word frog. What sound does the g make in the word frog?”  

“Look at the next picture. It is a picture of a dog. Point to the dog. Point to the word under the picture. The word says dog. Circle the g at the end of the word dog. What sound does the g make in the word dog?”

“Look at the last picture. It is a picture of a pig. Point to the pig. Point to the word under the picture. The word says pig. Circle the g at the end of the word pig. What sound does the g make in the word pig?”


“g”

Reinforcement Lesson

Review Cards

Sound Cards

Review and Drill – b, c, f, g

“Say the letter’s name and give its sound.”

“Good job! Today we are going to continue practicing the letter g.”

Step 1

Sound Movement 

“Pretend you are drinking really really fast from a cup. Good. Keep gulping that drink. Now when I show you the Sound Card g, you will make this movement while at the same time saying the letter sound /g/.”

Repeat three times.

“Let’s review all our learned sounds. When I hold up the Sound Card, you make the movement and say the sound.”

b – bouncing a ball

c – snipping fingers like you are cutting

f – moving fish fins

g – gulping from a cup 

Step 2

Phonological Awareness

“Say the word umbrella. Now say it again but don’t say um.” (brella)

“Say the word napkin. Now say it again but don’t say nap.” (kin)

“Say the word blister. Now say it again but don’t say blis.” (ter)

“Say the word before. Now say it again but don’t say be.” (fore)

“Say the word teacher. Now say it again but don’t say teach.” (er)

Step 3

Letter Writing

Student Workbook Page 16 – Letter Writing

“Pick up your pen. Now, let’s write the letter g right here on the lines three times.”

(Around, down, hook.)

Step 4

G Story

Student Workbook Page 15

“Listen as I read a story. I will ask you some questions at the end.”

“Gretta the Goat likes to drink grape juice. It is her favorite goody. When Gretta gulps the juice, it makes the sound g-g-g. Can you make the sound g-g-g?” (pause)

“Gretta the Goat is in the garden. She is grazing on fresh grass. She finds green grapes growing on a vine.”

“Gretta the Goat gobbles the green grapes.”

“THE END.”


Ask the student:

“Did you like this story?”

“What sound did you hear a lot in this story?”

“Tell me two words that you remember from the story that have the g sound.”

Optional: Have student draw the two words on the page.

Step 5

Pictures with Beginning and Ending Sounds

Student Workbook Page 17 – Mixed Sounds

“Look at the first picture. It is a picture of a gorilla. Point to the gorilla. Point to the word under the picture. The word says gorilla. Circle the g in this word. What sound does the g make in the word gorilla?”

“Look at the next picture. It is a picture of a jug. Point to the jug. Point to the word under the picture. The word says jug. Circle the g in this word. What sound does the g make in the word jug?

“Look at the last picture. It is a picture of a rug. Point to the rug. Point to the word under the picture. The word says rug. Circle the g in the word rug. What sound does the g make in the word rug?”

Step 6

Sound Dictation

Student Workbook Page 18 – Sound Dictation

“Say /g/. What letter makes the /g/ sound? With your finger, write the letter that says /g/ on your palm. Now write the letter g on your paper. Now, look at the letter you just wrote. What is the name of this letter? What sound does it make?”

Repeat with:

/k/, /b/, /f/, /g/, /f/, /k/, /g/, /b/, /f/, /b/, /g/, /k/

Capital Letters

Letter G

Materials:
– Alphabet Chart
– Whiteboard/Black Marker

Sing the Alphabet Song with your student. Point to the letters on the Alphabet Chart as each letter is named.

“Today we are going to learn about the capital letter G. Capital letters are used to begin sentences and names.”

Point to the Capital G on the alphabet chart.

“This is a capital letter G. What is this letter? What sound does it make?”

“Watch as I make a capital letter G on the whiteboard. Pull back, around, across. Now it’s your turn.”

Help student write the capital letter G on the whiteboard three times.