How Does The PRIDE Reading Program Teach Comprehension?
The PRIDE Reading Program is an Orton-Gillingham research-based approach that has been proven successful in helping students who struggle with dyslexia, auditory and visual processing, speech deficits and other learning difficulties. The PRIDE Reading Program meets all of the Orton-Gillingham criteria: it is language-based, multisensory, structured, systematic and cumulative. Reading Comprehension is integrated throughout the entire program and into every lesson and is taught from the very beginning in Level 1. A wide variety of different engaging methods are used. Here is how Reading Comprehension is taught in the PRIDE Reading Program:
In the PRIDE Reading Program, students are asked to read a list of sentences. These sentences are decodable and use a specific skill that the student is working on. For example in the picture below the student is working on the skill-dge like in the word bridge. The student is asked to read a sentence first quietly in his or her mind. Then the instructor asks the student the question, “what do you think that goat looked like when it crossed the bridge?” This question forces the student to create a mental picture in his or her mind as he or she reads the sentence. Visualization is a large part of Reading Comprehension in the PRIDE Reading Program.
Every story lesson in the PRIDE Reading Program focuses on reading comprehension. Students are asked to read and comprehend a text. Similar to reading the sentences, students are asked to read an entire paragraph in their minds. The teacher quizzes them for comprehension each step of the way. Concepts covered with each text include:
- Prior knowledge
- Connecting to the text
- Determining importance
These texts are also decodable and focus on the Orton-Gillingham skill that the student is working on. For example in the below text, the student is working on open syllables in the Orton-Gillingham and Reading Comprehension in the PRIDE Reading Program.
Graphic Organizer for Summarizing
After working through the text step by step, the student fills out a graphic organizer. The graphic organizer works in this sequence:
- Student verbally tells the entire story from beginning to end.
- Student fills out the graphic organizer with a pen with first, next, then, and last.
- Student uses the filled out graphic organizer to write a summary.
After using this graphic organizer for summarizing over and over again in each lesson, it does create a lasting memory in the student’s mind. Every single student that is taught with the PRIDE Reading Program knows how to put together a well written summary with transition words. Summarizing is a key element in reading comprehension.
The PRIDE Reading Program
The PRIDE Reading Program walks each instructor through all of the different steps necessary to achieve reading comprehension. The program is multisensory, motivating and has everything a student needs to become a strong reader.
For more in-depth information about the PRIDE Reading Program, check out my Structured Literacy blog. “Structured Literacy” is the new buzzword in Special Education. It must contain certain elements to be classified as an effective reading program…
Here is a video showing an example of how the PRIDE Reading Program uses a Reading Comprehension activity:
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Karina Richland, M.A., is the author of the PRIDE Reading Program, a multisensory Orton-Gillingham reading, writing and comprehension curriculum that is available worldwide for parents, tutors, teachers and homeschoolers of struggling readers. Karina has an extensive background in working with students of all ages and various learning modalities. She has spent many years researching learning differences and differentiated teaching practices. You can reach her by email at firstname.lastname@example.org or visit the website at www.pridereadingprogram.com